Guide Main Exhibition Rooms

Cultural Exchange Exhibition Layout


Introduction

縄文人、海へ

I Jomon Culture: Ocean-Bound

This exhibit represents human history from the Ice Age, when the islands of Japan as we now know today took shape, and people hunted large animals such as Naumann elephants; right up to times when people made their way into sea for fishing and woods for hunting, collecting acorns because of warming temperature and they created clay pots and developed spiritual culture. Wrought palaeolith, beautifully patterned Jomon ware, beads for accessories and bone hair sticks, as well as clay dolls for incantation are displayed proving broad interchange in Asia.


II 稲づくりから国づくり Political Power: Cultivating Rice

II Political Power: Cultivating Rice

The Yayoi era - when rice cultivation was first began and metal work started. Since Wajin (ancient Japanese) appeared in East Asia, a new nation began to rapidly emerge. The chief of a tribe became King and went to his last home with a lot of funerary goods. In the Kofun period, metal art and pottery were greatly innovated by non-Japanese and they also brought with them horse riding customs. Okinoshima, in North Kyushu was a central stage of negotiations and people dedicated luxurious goods to gods of the sea to pray for safe sailing.


III 遣唐使の時代

III Nation Building: The Age of the Envoys

Following China as a model, East Asia organized its centralized government. In Japan, Buddhism, walled cities and the envoys played a major role. Through trade and exchange of knowledge between the cosmopolitan city of Changan, which drew lots of goods from all over the world via the Silk Road, Buddhism, Kanji, and Sansai pottery emerged. We focus on the Dazaifu dynasty, and the expansion of a wide range of exchange in worldwide items.


IV アジアの海は日々これ交易

IV Merchants of the Asian Seas

In the Middle Age, when seaports enjoyed their highest peak, Asian traders could ship freely. Civilian commerce became lively, so a stream of artworks which Shogun clans loved and new ideas came and went. The main stage was Hakata and Ryukyu. In North Kyushu, debris of violent wars between Mongolia are left in the sea. This exhibition reminds us of the memories of these dynamic times.


>V 丸くなった地球近づく西洋

V Smaller World, Closer West

In the age of geographical discovery, European countries pursued the silver island, known as Japan. Japanese society experienced significant innovation from contact with unknown cultures and knowledge. The cultural exchange between East and West, such as firearms, Christianity, and artworks, limited access policies and monopoly trade among China and Holland in Nagasaki. Later on, a new era started with the arrival of the Black Ships seeking free trade.